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THE NERC MST RADAR FACILITY AT ABERYSTWYTH
FILE FORMAT (BINARY) FOR VERSION-0 MST RADAR TIME-AVERAGED POWER DATA
WARNING: Version-0 MST radar data products are DEPRECATED
Users are encouraged to make use of Version-2 Cartesian files.
Click here to find out more about the different versions of the signal processing.
These contain radar return signal power data derived from Doppler spectra averaged over 12 minutes. The same data are stored in ASCII format files - please contact the NERC MST Radar Facility Project Scientist for more details.
Click here to find out about the contents of other files.
File naming convention:
File location: /badc/mst/data/mst-products-v0/power/
Click here for the location of other files.
Archiving convention: YYYY
Click here for a further explanation.
1990 to the present.
The data are recorded in non-standard format binary files as descibed below:
POWER FILES ----------- File name :- PWFyyMMdd.DAT RANDOM ACCESS FILE - UNFORMATTED RECORD = 32 BYTES B = BYTE I2 = INTEGER*2 (2 byte integer) DATA IN POWER (PWF) FILE ------------------------ The file contains power data obtained from all the Doppler spectra files collected on one day. A Parameter Block for each dwell (beam direction) contains most of the information from the corresponding parameter block in the Doppler Spectra file. It also contains additional information required for file management. Each Power Data value is the summation of all the values in the Doppler spectrum obtained for one height. The spectra are for one dwell (ie one beam direction). Power Data values require one byte for each height bin and are expressed as the power to the nearest dB. The data starts at bin number NH1 and continues to NH2 followed by NH3 to NH4 if any upper height data was collected in that dwell. If there is upper height data then NH3 > NH2. Otherwise NH3 = 0. RECORD ORDERING --------------- PARAMETER BLOCK One record containing Dwell Parameters DATA RECORDS N records, each with 32 Power values PARAMETER BLOCK Parameters for next dwell DATA RECORDS Power values for next dwell etc. N = 1 + INT(( total number of bins per dwell - 1 ) / 32) RECORD FORMATS -------------- Parameter Block ( PB ) ( Start of Each Dwell ) ---------------------- Length of Transmitter pulse ( microsec ). LTX B Pulse Code Resolution. NCC B 0 = Uncoded , 1 = 8 uS , 2 = 4 uS 3 = 2 uS , 4 = 1 uS Pulse Repetion Interval ( microsec ). IPI I2 Number of Coherent Pulse Additions. NPP I2 Length of FFT. LFT I2 Number of FFTs Averaged together. NAV B Beam Number. NBM B Receiver Filter (microsec) (1/bandwidth). NRX B Raw Data Collection Flag. DMP B Negative value if Raw Data File Collected. YEAR in Form 90,91,92 etc. IY B MONTH ( 1 - 12 ). IMN B DAY ( 1 - 31 ). ID B HOUR ( 0 - 23 ). IH B MINUTE ( 0 - 59 ). IM B SECONDS ( 0 - 59 ). IS B Start of First Height Range ( Bin No. ). NH1 I2 End of First Height Range ( Bin No. ). NH2 I2 Start of Second Height Range ( Bin No. ). NH3 I2 End of Second Height Range ( Bin No. ). NH4 I2 Run Number. MST I2 No. of Cycles * 10 + No. of Dwells in observation. NCD I2 No. of Records / Cycle. NRC I2 Data Record ----------- Power value (dB) B 1 byte / height bin. 32 power values per record. N records per dwell Last record of a dwell usually has less than 32 power values. HEIGHT DERIVATION ----------------- Height at range bin n is given by :- Ht = (n - Bz) * HI Bz is the sea level range bin, derived as follows from dwell header parameters: NRX = Receiver filter (microsecs). LTX = Transmitter pulse width (microsecs). If NRX = 1 Bz = 5.7 ( unless LTX = 1 when Bz = 5.2 ) If NRX = 2 Bz = 6.7 If NRX = 4 Bz = 8.7 If NRX = 8 Bz = 12.7 HI is the height increment per bin. derived as follows from dwell header parameter: NBM = Antenna beam number. If NBM = 0 HI = 0.15 Km. ( Vertical ) If NBM = 1,3,5 or 7 HI = 0.1496 Km. ( 4.2 Deg. ) If NBM = 2,4,6 or 8 HI = 0.1484 Km. ( 8.5 Deg. ) If NBM = 9,11,13 or 15 HI = 0.1492 Km. ( 6.0 Deg. ) If NBM = 10,12,14 or 16 HI = 0.1467 Km. ( 12.0 Deg.) Last update of this description 16 February 1995.
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Last updated 22nd March 2005