Click here to find out more about the different versions of the signal processing.

**File contents**

These files contain unaveraged radial (i.e. along-beam) profiles of the radar return parameters (signal-to-noise ratio, signal power, Doppler shift and signal width) for different beam pointing directions.

Click here to find out about the contents of other files.

**File naming convention:**

YY | is a 2-digit year [00 - 99] | ||

MM | is a 2-digit month [01 - 12] | ||

DD | is a 2-digit day [01 - 31] | ||

tgz | indicates that this is a tar file which has been compressed with the GNU gzip algorithm |

Click here for the background to the file naming convention, and here to find out how to deal with compressed files. The tar file contains the order of 50 files per day. These individual files have the following naming convention:

hh | is a 2-digit hour [00 - 23] | ||

mm | is a 2-digit minute [00 - 59] | ||

dd | is the integer number of minutes covered by the file. The number of digits used is variable and is the minimum number required for the particular file duration. |

**File location:**/badc/mst/data/mst-products-v0/rw/

Click here for the location of other files.

**Archiving convention:**YYYY

Click here for a further explanation.

**File availability**

1989 to the present.

**File format**

The first six lines of the individual file

**rw010903_2142.22**are shown as follows by way of example:

4 1 0.80 1 1 1 1 4.0 5 1 11 8 3 320 512 128 1 2 1323 6 101 9 3 21 42 38 18 147 0 0 1 7 18 0.039 0.381 62.4 37.6 7 19 0.024 0.381 66.7 41.9 7 20 0.037 0.381 72.5 47.7

The first (integer) number in each line indicates the line type which determines its subsequent contents. Line type 4 occurs only once, at the very beginning of the file, and can be ignored; line type 0 indicates the end of file. Line types 5 and 6 contain header information describing the observational parameters used for each "dwell" (i.e. observations made in a particular beam direction at a given time) and line type 7 contains data at given "range gates" for that dwell. The file therefore contains a line sequence of the form:

4 5 6 7 7 . . 7 7 5 6 7 7 . . 7 7 5 6 7 7 . . 7 7 5 6 7 7 . . . . 7 7 0The contents of line types 5, 6 and 7 are described in greater detail below. The parameter names shown in red do not actually appear in the files and the inter-parameter spacings (for actual file contents shown in green) have been altered for the sake of clarity

**Line type: 5**

5 1 11 8 3 320 512 128 1 2 1323 LTYP DWL BM PLEN PCODE IPP NCI LDFT NII RXBW RUN

- LTYP - Line type
- DWL - Dwell number; DWL == 1 corresponds to the beginning of a new cycle of observation
- BM - Beam number (in the range 0 - 16) which determines the beam pointing direction
- PLEN - Radar pulse length (us)
- PCODE - Pulse coding option (0 - no coding; 1 - 8 us sub-pulse coding; 2 - 4 us; 3 - 2 us; 4 - 1 us)
- IPP - Inter-pulse period (us)
- NCI - Number of coherent integrations
- LDFT - Length of discrete Fourier transform (64, 128, 256 or 512)
- NII - Number of incoherent integrations
- RXBW - Receiver bandwidth (us)
- RUN - Radar run number

The range resolution of the radar is determined by the receiver bandwidth (RXBW) which, in practice, is matched to the pulse length, or to the sub-pulse length if pulse coding is used:

- 1 us - 150 m
- 2 us - 300 m
- 4 us - 600 m
- 8 us - 1200 m

**Line type: 6**

6 101 9 3 21 42 38 18 147 0 0 1 LTYP YR MTH DAY HR MIN SEC RG1 RG2 RG3 RG4 RGI

- LTYP - Line type
- YR - Year of observation; for 1999 YR == 99, for 2000 YR == 100
- MTH - Month of observation (0-12)
- DAY - Day of observation (1-31)
- HR - Hour of observation (0-23)
- MIN - Minute of observation (0-59)
- SEC - Second of observation (0-59)
- RG1 - Bottom range gate of lower altitude region
- RG2 - Top range gate of lower altitude region
- RG3 - Bottom range gate of upper altitude region; RG3 == 0 for ST-mode observations
- RG4 - Top range gate of upper altitude region; RG4 == 0 for ST mode observations
- RGI - Range gate interval in multiples of 150 m, i.e. RGI == 1implies samples at 150 m intervals

**Line type: 7**

7 18 0.039 0.381 62.4 37.6 LTYP RG DPSH SPWD P S/N

- RG - Range gate number (between
RG1 and RG2,
or between RG3 and
RG4, inclusive) corresponding to
altitudes above mean sea level (km) given by:
**z = (RG - RG0) × dz**

- RG0 = 5.2 if (PLEN == 1)
- RG0 = 5.7 if (PLEN > 1) & (RXBW == 1)
- RG0 = 6.7 if (PLEN > 1) & (RXBW == 2)
- RG0 = 8.7 if (PLEN > 1) & (RXBW == 4)
- RG0 = 12.7 if (PLEN > 1) &
(RXBW == 8)

- dz = 0.15 × sin(0°) = 0.1500 - if (BM == 0)
- dz = 0.15 × sin(4.2°) = 0.1496 - if (BM == 1) or (BM == 3) or (BM == 5) or (BM == 7)
- dz = 0.15 × sin(6.0°) = 0.1492 - if (BM == 9) or (BM == 11) or (BM == 13) or (BM == 15)
- dz = 0.15 × sin(8.5°) = 0.1484 - if (BM == 2) or (BM == 4) or (BM == 6) or (BM == 8)
- dz = 0.15 × sin(12.0°) = 0.1467 - if (BM == 10) or (BM == 12) or (BM == 14) or (BM == 16)

- DPSH - Doppler shift (Hz). These values
must be multiplied by (-λ/2), where λ is the radar
wavelength (6.41 m), in order to convert them to radial
velocities, v
_{R}, in (m s^{-1}) for which +ve values imply motion away from the radar, i.e.**v**_{R}= -3.20 × DPSH

- SPWD - Spectral width (Hz). The
definition used to calculate these values (the width of the signal
portion of the spectrum containing 80% of the signal power) is
non-standard and so the values should be divided by a factor of
2.56 to convert them to the half-width that contains 68.26% of the
signal power, i.e. the standard deviation for a Gaussian shaped
signal. Moreover, a factor of (λ/2) must be applied to convert
these values into velocity units of (m s
^{-1}), i.e:

**σ**_{SW}= 1.25 × SPWD

- P - Signal power (dB), where
**P(dB) = 10log**_{10}[P(linear)]

- S/N - Signal-to-noise ratio (dB); signals for which S/N < 4 dB are too weak for the values of DPSH and SPWD to be relied upon and so these values should be blanked.